General Physical Property Equation and Its Mirror Equation of the Universe   

           ----- Unified Expressions for Macro- and Micro- World of the Universe

Author : Zhiqiang Zhang

ID:210211195801073173

 

Keywords : General physical property equation of the universe , mirror equation of the universe , observed masses and energies of the universe , completable physical constants , default physical constants , symbiotic state of magnetism and electricity for past world of the universe , basic charge ----- component of past world on single dimension of time or space , general charge , observed universe , darkened universe , positive vacuum universe , negative vacuum universe , general structure of the universe , event of darkened universe .

 

Abstract : In this paper , two kinds of morpning forms of default theorem are set forth , that is , general physical property equation of the universe and mirror equation of the universe . By the general equation of the universe , general values of all physical quantities of the universe can be calculated , and total of 21 items of physical properties of the universe have been conducted . These calculating results are fully satisfied and conform to those observed datum having been verified . There has a mirror equation of this general equation of the universe  , according to this mirror equation , we can  obtain mirror values of corresponding general ones (values under vacuum ) . These mirror values are those tucked from its general values of the universe into scopes of quantum size or less  , which are being minimized 1.0083333333333333…e93  times , that is , the universe as a whole fall in scopes of quantum dimension or less . While these mirror values are either directly equal to or approximately approach to corresponding observed datum in quantum physics and cryophysics . Calculating results indicate that mirror value of an certain physical quantity of the universe multiplying a value of  combination of modulus of one or several specific basic physical constants yields standard value of this physical quantity in micro physics . Also from mirror equation of the universe , many basic physical constants can be derived and their physical mechanism of formation are unveiled . Discovering that almost physical constants are either just an completable space time (CST) or combination of multiple CST . Physical constants classify into two categories of completable physical constant and default physical constant by criteria of whether it is variable along with evolution of the universe or not , Physical mechanism of formation for basic charge is put forward and unfold that basic charge is a default physical constant which is an component of past world of the universe , which sticks to every space or time dimension of the universe being with total of 10 dimensions of space time (5 spacer dimensions and 5 time dimensions) ;  Past world has an unique symbiotic state of magnetism and electricity . All calculating results strongly impress that both general physical properties and its mirror ones of the universe are essentially originated from past world , that is , they are just different physical formulas of past world in substantiated universe . Past world is the root of all objective phenomena . Some brief discussion regarding  general structure of the universe are given in terms of observed universe , darkened universe , positive vacuum universe , negative vacuum universe . Especially , it points out that in darkened universe , there also exists universal events which either represent or reshuffle those events having happened in observed universe  .    

 

Notice : Given succession of the theory , the author recommend reader to look around some previous papers at : http://www.universefedback.com  Paper A(Second Version) , Paper C (Second Version) , Paper of Essay to Feeding Back Theory of the universe .

 Same as before , mathematic tool by which to read this paper is nothing but elementary calculus or less .  

 

Correction :In previous papers , there has a written mistake about electric current gauge and the right writing is :

Due to relative length of this paper , for purpose of having an overall understanding about this paper , titles of each chapter and section are given first as below :

1  General physical property equation of the universe  

2  Calculations of general values and mirror values for common physical quantities of the universe

2.1 Radius of the universe  2.2 Age of the universe  2.3 Total masses of the universe  2.4 Average mass density of the universe  2.5 Volume of the universe   2.6 Area of the universe  2.7 Total energies and radiating energy in vacuum of the universe  2.8  Radiating temperature in vacuum of the universe  2.9 Radiating electric current in vacuum of the universe   2.10 Composition of force and force in vacuum of the universe   2.11 Momentum of the universe  2.12 Angular momentum of the universe       2.13 Power of the universe   2.14 Frequency of the universe   2.15 Velocity and conductance of the universe   2.16 Acceleration of the universe  2.17 Surface charge density or electric field strength of the universe   2.18 Magnetic field strength of the universe  2.19 Magnetivc flux of the universe    2.20  Magnetic moment of the universe  .

3   Mirror Equation --- mirror formula of general physical property equation of the universe

3.1 Quantum flux    3.2 Josephson frequency-voltage ratio      3.3 Hall quantum conductance     3.4 Mirror equation of the universe   3.5 Mirror value of the universe and Planck particle    

4   Derivation of basic physical constants from mirror equation  

4.1 Magnetic flux effect --- quantum flux physical constat  4.2 Josephson effect --- Josephson frequency-voltage ratio physical constant   4.3 Quantum conductance effect --- Hall quantum conductance physical constant   4.4  Black body radiation effect---Stefan-Boltzsmann constant    4.5 Permeability     4.6 Space time characteristics of physical constants 

5   Basic charge --- avatars of past world in substantiated universe  

5.1 Physical mechanism of basic charge forming    5.2 Fraction charge and general basic charge    5.3 Electromagnetic symbiosis state of past world    5.4 Default space time character of basic charge

6   General structure of the universe

6.1 Positive vacuum universe and negative vacuum universe    6.2 Proportion of observed masses of the universe   6.3 Proportion of observed energies of the universe   6.4 Observed universe and darkened  universe  6.5 Sketch for general structure of the universe

Appendix G gauge of common physical quantity and its space time property

 

We have learnt from what had discussed from previous papers of the Feeding Back Theory of the Universe that information modulus of the universe is total numbers of G bubbles bursted from the first one all the way to the one at an certain universal moment , it is also default value of the universe  . At present universal moment , value of information modulus of the universe (n)  has been settled accurately from most precisely observed daia of background radiation of the universe , which is n =7.7577806787995700…e+60 .

In prevous papers , we had capitalized on this value and default theorem to figure out some of fundamental properties of the universe in terms of general values , for instance ,

Radius of the universe := n= n||=3.1381767999999997…e+26

Age of the universe : n= n||=10.4605893333333333…e+17

Total masses of the universe : n= n||=4.2315167338906745…e+53 .

Average mass density of the universe : 1.9672077805101312…e+95 / n

=3.2687013208516524…e-27 

Total information quantities of the universe : n=7.7577806787995700…e+60

Past world : summary of information from which all events happened in past of the universe was originated , and time covers

Morphing form of past world in substantiated universe :  

Substantiated universe at present universal moment :

 n =7.7577806787995700…e+60

and so on .

But , when we calculate some physical properties of the universe directly by using information modulus and default theorem , it failed to get correct result , such as mass density of the universe , only with help of other method to make it . We questioned ourselvies , why did those properties not comply with this rules ? Can we find a way by which all physical properties can shed their light on same plateform of information modulus and default theorem ? The answer is positive , absolutely sure . Otherwise the guy of information modulus could not parade so logically , behaviour so actively , and play such paramount role in this theory . Along this way down , we have finally found an common formular , which is called general physical properties equation of the universe , through which all general physical properties of the universe can be exposed thoroughly . Also a fallout was gleaned that there is in fact a mirror equation of this common formular hidden there , and from this mirror equation of the universe , we can derive many basic physical constants , even physical mechanism of basic charge forming can be identified and appaling conclusion even made that basic charge is nothing but avatars of  past world in substantiated universe .

This is not a drill !

1         General Physical Property Equation of the Universe

Suppose, there is an physical quantity   information modulus of the universe is    thus total values of this physical quantity of the universe is  

and ,                  1-1

here ,  is an coefficient is G gauge of physical quantity || is modulus of   is dimensional expression of  

Rules for  is that when  0 , 1 takes 0 or 1 Rest of conditions ,   

When n we have

=               1-2

We call equation1-1and equation1-2are general physical properties equation of the universe or simplified as general value equantion of the universe

Equations of the above are morphing forms of default theorem , it apply to calculations about general physical properties of the universe , and is an experiential one . We can jump over theoretical derivation of this equation , and just use it in practical calculations to verify it . Reader who is interested in seeking its theoretical derivation can try by themselves .  

 

2   Calculations for General Values and Its Mirror Values

of the Universe for Common Physical Quantities

   

Applying equation1-2 we can calculate whatever general value of the universe for an physical proerty . Given length limitation of the paper , we conduct such calculations as  Radius of the universe , Age of the universe , Total masses of the universe , Average mass density of the universe ,Volume of the universe , Area of the universe , Total energies and radiating energy in vacuum of the universe , Radiating temperature in vacuum of the universe , Radiating electric current in vacuum of the universe , Composition of force and force in vacuum of the universe , Momentum of the universe , Angular momentum of the universe , Power of the universe  , Frequency of the universe , Velocity and conductance of the universe ,  Acceleration of the universe , Surface charge density or electric field strength of the universe  , Magnetic field strength of the universe , Magnetic flux of the universe ,  Magnetic moment of the universe with total of 21 items of general values of the universe and its mirror values

Following calculations adopt theoretical values of physical units , which have given in :

Paper A Completable Space Time and Default Space Time ,

Paper C  G Bubble Burst and the Universe Being Created .

See them at the author’ s webpage  http://www.universefedback.com  .

Two concepts are needed to be introduced for sake of calculations to be conducted  ,

Mirror values of the universe : General value of the universe for an physical quantity divided by space time value of vacuum is called mirror value of this physical quantity refer to section 3.4 and section3.5 .

Carrier frequency of the universe  Carrier frequency of the universe is defined as  .

Its modulus is  (refer to section 2.14)  

2.1 Radius of the universe

Dimension of length is  ,  ,  takes 1 , and taking when  takes 0 we simply obtain result of G gauge of this physical unit . So in this section , we do not consider this circumstance , unless an special notice is given

= =0.4045199174779452…e-34  (refer to appendix of this paper where G gauges of common physical unit are available ) by equation1-2we get

 

Observed data of radius of the universe so far is ?

Divided this value by space time value of vacuum , we can get another value which is callede mirror value of radius of the universe (similar to other items behind , refer to section 3.4 and 3.5) . So mirror value of radius of the universe equals :

This is space dimension of past world in substantiated universe  also it can be calculated directly as below :

2.2  Age of the universe

  Dimension of time is  ,  , here  takes 1 , and taking

= =1.3483997249264841…e-43  by equation1-2we have : :

=3.3170311178758666…e+10 years .

Estimated value from cosmological theory so far is years years ?

Mirror value is :

This is observed life time of past world in substantiated universe  it slao can be calculated below :

2.3  Total masses of the universe  

  Dimension of mass is  ,  , here  takes 1 , taking

= = by equation1-2we can get :

 ( including dark matter)

  From conclusion gotten from section 6.2 we know that observed masses accounts for  of total masses of the universe so observed masses is :

Observed data of observed mass of the universe so far is  ?

Mirror value is :

   

This is equivalent mass of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

Mutiplying this value by modulus of carrier frequency of the universe , we can get a mass of ,this mass approaches to that of elementary particles .

2.4    Average mass density of the universe

Dimension of mass density is = takes -2 and according to traditional method , we know =

= =8.2402205412174030…e+95 () by equation (1-2) , we can get :

=3.2687013208516523…e-27

  Summarized conclusion from cosmological theory and observation is  ?

Mirror value is :

This is equivalent mass density of past world in substantiated  This also demonstrates that past world is non-substantiated .

2.5    Volume of the universe

Dimension of volume is  and according to traditional method , we know=

 by equation1-2we can get :

(7.7577806787995700e+60)0.0661941683145701…e-102

=1.2945559470046629…e+80

Mirror value is :

Multiplying this value by modulus of carrier frequency of the universe , we can get an volume of   

2.6    Area of the universe

Dimension of area is takes 2 and according to traditional method we know =

 by equation1-2we can get :

=1.2375554624628368…e+54  

  Mirror value is :

Multiplying this value by modulus of carier frequency of the universe , we can get an area of  this one approaches to an physical constant of Tom section . Observed data of Tom section is  

2.7    Total energies and radiated energy in vacuum of the universe

Dimension of energy is   takes 1 taking=1

 by equation1-2we get :

=3.8083650605016071e+70

According to mass-energy formula of relativity , we can also calculate total energies of the universe

4.2315167338906745…e+53)(2.9999999999999999e+8

=3.8083650605016071e+70 this result is same as the above one .

Mirror value is  :

This value of energy had been calculated in previous paper which analized external physical property of past world (Refer to paper of Past World (PSTR) at author’s webpage) .

This value of energy also equals a result of product of Planck constant and carrier frequency of the universe  , that is  :

This is energy of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

This guy of energy will play an leading role in both theoretical and experimental research in quantum physics and cryophysics in future  .

2.8    Radiating temperature in vacuum of the universe

Dimension of temperature is takes 1 taking=1

, by equation1-2we get :

=2.7587999999999996e+93

  Mirror value is :

This is temperature of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

Again this demonstrates that in vacuum , we indeed can detect such radiation of temperature of   

Observed data of this sort of temperature of the universe so far is  .

We had used this paramount data to pin down value of information modulus of the universe (n) in Paper C .

2.9    Electric current in vacuum of the universe

Dimension of electric current strength is takes 1 taking=1

 by equation1-2we get :

  

Mirror value :

 :

Again as unveiled in previous paper , this result demonstrates that under  , we could detect such current flow of  which is coming from past world . Also this value falls in scope of those in cryophysics  .

We also can simply get this electric current from Planck constant and carrier frequency of the universe ,

 .

This is electric current of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

2.10  Composition of force and force in vacuum of the universe

Dimension of force is takes 1 taking=1

 by equation1-2we get

=9.4145302857490500e+104

Mirror value is :

This indicates that there exist a force in vacuum  whose magnitude is about 9.3367e+11 Newton .

Meanwhile we can determine distance within which this force acts from the radiated energy in vacuum of past world :

Acting distance =

This distance is exactly the one of length gauge . We can not approach this dimension normally , so it remain undetected , but under certain extremely physical condition , such as cryophysics , it might flex its muscle .

This is force of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

2.11  Momentum of the universe

Dimension of momentum is =   takes 1  taking

 by equation1-2we get :

=1.2694550201672023e+62

This value is as same as ones obtained from following method :

From Cosmology principle and assumption that speed of total masses of the universe is equal to speed of light , then we have :

= 

  Compared with these two results , we convince that total masses of the universe travel at speed of light .

Mirror value is :

This is momentum of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

2.12  Angular momentum of the universe

Dimension of angular momentum is J=so   taking  

J by equation1-2 , we get :

=J 

 This result can also be determined by another method , premise is establishment of cosmology principle and supposition of speed of total masses of the universe is that of light , then we have :

J

Here

Mirror value is : J

2.13  Power of the universe

Dimension of power is takes 0 or 1  taking

 by equation1-2 we get :

When  takes 0

This power of the universe is equivalent to total energies produced by the universe in one second of 3.6406792573015072e+52 Joule

This also means in an universal moment ,  it yields :

:=0.4909090909090909e+10 Joule this is , in an universal moment , the universe  spawns one standarded mass , that is :

 This conclusion conforms with thoese gotten from previous paper utterly .

When  takes 1

Mirror value are :

When  takes 0  

 

When  takes 1

2.14  Frequency of the universe

Dimension of frequency is    takes 0 or 1 takong=1

 by equation1-2we have

When  takes 0

 

This is operating frequency of the universe .

When  takes 1

  

Mirror value are :  

When  takes 0

Reciprocal of modulus of this value equals modulus of frequency of an object with one kilogram . .

When  takes 1

This is carrier frequency of the universe . According to calculation above , this frequency can be defined as :

           1-0

when           1-00

its wavelength is  , falling in microwave spectrum  .

2.15  Speed and conductance of the universe

Dimension of speed is   takes 1 taking= 1

 we can get :

This is speed of modulus of the universe at present universal moment . With this speed , the universe can safeguards its capacity to converge all events happened within this universal moment into a standard mass and place it randomly on anywhere in the universe , even if the place is now at edge of the universe ( radius of the universe at present universal moment) .

Mirror value is :

   This is speed of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

Multiplying this speed by = that is , taking one mol of substances and fine stricture constant into consideration , we can get a speed of

  This is a speed similar to those in cryophysics . Among observed datum in cryophyics , standard sound speed in He superfluidity is  .

Dimension of conductance is  same as velocity ,

taking is modulus of basic charge by equation1-2we have : 

 

Mirror value is :

This value approaches that of physical constant of Hall quantum conductance . Observed data of Hall quantum conductance is 

2.16 Acceleration of the universe

Dimension of acceleration is a takes 0 or 1

aby equation1-2we have :

when

a

 can be settled by another method :

According to Second Law of Newton we have thus

a

comjpared with these two results , we have=1

So acceleration of the universe is  a

This acceleration is that of total masses of the universe , and has nothing to do with information modulus of the universe . This implys that at any universal moment , there exists an composition of force of the universe acting on total masses of the universe for prupose of accelerating the masses to speed of light from initial speed of zero within an universal moment .

   When  

a

Mirror value are 

2.17 Surface charge density (electric field strength) of the universe

Dimension of surface charge density is   takes 0 or 1

by equation(1-2) we have:

When  0 we have

When taking we have :

Mirror value is  

  When  takes 1  we have

Mirror value is  

2.18  Magnetic field strength of the universe

Dimension of magnetic field strength is takes 0 or 1

 by equation(1-2) we have:

When  takes 0 and taking we have

  

Mirror value is  

  When  takes 1 takes we have

  Mirror value is  

2.19  Magnetic flux of the universe

Dimension of magnetic flux is   ,  ,   takes 1 , ,

=  by equation(1-2) we have :

 

Mirror value is  

When takes 1 , it is magnetic flux of past world in substantiated universe  it also can be calculated by :

When  takes

Thus , mirror value is  

 This value is same in terms of scale compared with quantum flux whose observed data is :

   .

2.20  Magnetic moment

Dimension of magnetic moment is :

 : m ,

  ,  takes 2

mm m

A(m)m

m

Mirror value is m

When  takes  

A(m)mm

Mirror value equalsm =m

when takes  here  is fine structure constant)。

A(m)m

Mirror value is =

  This magnitude of magnetic moment is much famiIiar and lovable , because it is proximity to those as below :

Magnetic moment of Nuclei :

Magnetic moment of Neutron :

Magnetic moment of Deuterium :

Applying equation1-2 , we can shed light on all physical properties of the universe both in macro-physics and micro-physics , despite several coefficients  remain undetermined . However fortunately , most of them are equal to 1 or can be fixed by other means , meanwhile when  takes values of those combined from modulus of basic physical constants , we can get standard value of corresponding physical quantity in micro-physics . This enable us almost to pin down all physical properties of the universe , therefore to get a clear physical pictures and well understanding about the universe thoroughly .This also impress us strongly that both general physical properties and mirror ones of the universe stem form same objiective reality --- vacuum and information (past world) .

This general value equation of the universe does not apply to specific physical process , not to information unit either .

          

     3  Mirror Equation --- Mirror Form of General Physical Proerties Equation of the Universe

 

General values equation of the universe reflects values of all geneal physical proerties of the universe , and totally roll out characteristics of macro-physics of the universe . This result jusitify itself enough to make us jubilant  , still there are more making us even amazing and appaling and far beyond our imagination that these general values whereby can be projected as an physical images onto quantum scope under vacuum as a mirror , and embode into elementary particles , incarnate among physical behaviours of these particles . That these mirror value times space time value of vacuum must revert them back to their general values  ; Contrariwise drawing out STV of vacuum from these general values , those cooresponding mirror ones certainly emerge themselves mystically as representatives on behalf of micro physical properties in both quantum physics and cryophysics . Even some of these mirror values of the universe darefuly challenge to observation datum in these two physics directly with same  value , same scales or approximate ones . It seems the universe as a whole is tucked into dimensions of quantum scope or less . What marvelous and wonderful it is really !

So we call general value equation of the universe under vacuum as its mirror equation , its values as mirror value . Furthermore , in specific physical conditions , many basic physical constants become derivatives of this mirror equation .Before introdcing this mirror equation , we make some STC analysis toward several basic physical constants in cryophysics .                

3.1 Quantum flux

In cryophysics , quantum flux ,  , is a basic physical constant , it play an extremely role in both theoretical and expremental business among the physics , also one of most basic ones in physics .It qualify the first turn to show up .

Definition of quantum flux is and it has been verified by many experiments . By STC analysis , we can learn that equivalent magnetic flux of basic charge  equals

  In calculation above , we adopt observed data of basic charge .

Charge gauge is : CST we call this charges as gauge charge thereinafter .

Thus , in one gauge charge , numbers of basic charges it contains would be

Through calculation , we find that :

   1-3 Compared with this value and observed ones , we can view reasonably that

Theoretical value of quantum flux is

Observed value of quantum flux is

  From property of CST , we have known that  also by  we deem that physical meaning of quantum flux is physical behavious of a pair of basic charge among a sample of gauge charge  , a sort of macro quantum effect .

3.2  Josephson frequency-voltage ratio 

   This constant is just reciprocal of quantum flux , its observed data is  . By STC analysis , we have :

This reveals another physical meaning of quantum flux --- relationship between energy and electric current . We certainly can figure out corresponding values of energy and current stemming from this constant , just notice physical conditions by which conclusions stand , which are background radiation of the universe and a sample of one gauge charge .

For  setting temperature of background radiation of the universe is   , taking participatant of  into consideration , we have :

This Josephson current means macro quantum current effect of a pair of basic charges in a sample of gauge charge , under background radiation of the universe .

This Josephson electric current is same as gotten in section 2.9 .

Corresponding energy is :

  This energy is same as gotten in section 2.7 .

3.3  Quantum Hall conductance  

  STV of Hall quantum conductance is

 

By default theorem , we get :

Hall electric current :

We call this current as Hall current , its physical meaning is macro quantum electric current effect of a pair of basic charges in a sample of gauge charge , under background radiation of the universe .

If we multiply this current by modulus of carrier frequency of the universe , we can get an electric current of

What does this electric current mean potentially ?

Hall energy

We call this current as Hall energy , its physical meaning is macro quantum energy effect of a pair of basic charges in a sample of gauge charge , under background radiation of the universe .

If we multiply this energy by modulus of carrier frequency of the universe , we can get an electric current of

This energy is equivalent to 2.4183 electron-volt .       

What does this energy mean potentially ?

                  

3.4  Mirror equation

Mirror equation represent projected value of general values of the universe , that is mirror value of the universe  .

Mirror value equaton is expressed as following : Suppose , general value of an physical quantity is  then mirror value of this physical quantity can be formularized by an equation :

             1-4

       or                        1-5

or                                1-6

or                          1-7

here is an coefficient information modulus of the universe   is a form of Past world  in substantiated universe .

When  we have :

                   1-8

or                            1-9

Since this equation can totally and accurately project those general values of the universe onto quantum dimension , so we call the equation as mirror physical property equaton of the universe , or simply call mirror equation of the universe . It is obvious that this mirror equation is a morphing form of default theorem .

This equaton can be derived from its mother equaton --- general physical property equation of the universe . Process of inference is as below :

From    , and Introducing  into general equation (refer to paper of General Physical Properties of the Universe and Its Evolutionary Tendency at author’s webpage )  ,  then we get :

let

thus  

Physical meaning of equation1-9is that at present universal moment , past world showcase itself in substantiated universe by means of micro physical properties onto quantum dimensions , and embed into elementary particles which swank such physical characteristics under particular physical circumstaces. . 

3.5  Mirror value and Planck particle  

Mirror vaues of the universe has been calculated in chapter 2 of this paper from general values of the universe . Of course  we can calculate these mirror values directly by mirror equation .

For example , regarding total masses of the universe , given  and  then from equation (1-8, we get directly :

This is mirror value of masses of the universe .

Total masses of the universe can get from multiplying this value by STV of vacuum :

  

   In paper of Completable Space Time and Default Space Time (see it at author webpage in Paper A) , Planck particlewas defined also it pointed out that Planck particle is the most fundamental particle of the universe , rest of substances are all consists of Planck particle . Gigen such universal property of Planck particle , we deem it as origin of the universe . Now we construe and prove this assertion .

For any physical quantity , we have an conclusion that mirror value of this quantity equals that of numbers of Planck particles , that is

                                            1-10

and general value of this physical quantity equals that of numbers of Planck particles

                                      1-11

 here , is carrier frequency of the universe and

This formular can be derived easily from general value equation of the universe :

From divided vacuum on each side of the equation , we have :

So

When  and  takes 1 from equation (1-10, we get :

  Thus we can get an conclusion that most of physical properties both in macro and micro physics are equivalent to that of   and  numbers of Planck particles respectively .

STV of  numbers of Planck particles equals

STC of  numbers of Planck particles can be reverted from its STV into

These are STV and STC of past world in substantiated universe , that means at present universal moment , past world  is equivalent to  that is 1.0460589333333332…e+18 numbers of Planck particles , or we also can say that at present universal moment , inherence frequency of past world equals 1.0460589333333332。。。e+18 Hz

  Although we do not have ability to keek at events inside past world so far , but these events have never shied away from exposing themselves around us .  By conclusions drawn from information equation of the universe presented in previous paper , we have leant that elementary particles possesses information structures , that is , it is consists of certain universal events happened in past . So physical behaviours of these particles actually are performances of those events confined within micro dimensions and show themsevies through phenomena of micro physics . This also means physical behaviours of elementary particles are utterly determined by corresponding universal events happened in past . For insance , we can say strictly that on earth , an universal event happened at A.D.1776 , July 4 could give rise to an certain elementary particle behaviouring physically as  , while another universal event happened at A.D.1949 , Oct. 1 could result in another elementary particle behaviourign as  physicallly .

  Those information matching these two events interact with initial modulus of the universe and rehabilitate to a substantiated form darkened  which are exactly those two events ever happened in observed universe , totally reappreareance of these two events . Also if the information matching these two events are composite information item belonging ones stipulated in information equation of the universe , then there would be an composite event + happening in darkened universe where these two events combine together and blend into an new universal event we have never seen . According to definition of event , this blended event is of course substantiated one . Please refer to section 6.4 of this paper and paper of Definition of Information Unit and Information Equation of the Universe at author’s webpage .

  We see that most of general and mirror values of the universe can be calculated by carrier frequency of the universe and get same results as gotten from information modulus of the universe .

Our perception is that this carrier frequency of the universe would be doorstep through which human could finally find techanically a way feasible to release those past events confined within past world out and be projected on spotlight in substantiated observed universe .

 

         4     Derivation of Basic Physical Constants From Mirror Equation

 

Now we take a sample of one gauge charge and pick up a pair of basic charges as inverstigating target . Therefore we can use equation(1-8) to derive out some basic physical constants .

Suppose , sample of CST is  from equation1-8we have:

                   1-12

Physical meaning of this formular is that past world incarnates itself physically as a pair of basic chares in a sample of gauge charge .

Now captalized on equation1-12to calculate some basic physical constants , taking observed data   

4.1   Magnetic flux effect---Quantum flux constant                

  Dimension of magnetic flux is   takes 1

 =

  is coeffecient Substituting the above value into equation1-12we have

taking at same time we deem  as theoretical one of  then  

This result hints that governing by past world , a pair of basic charges in a sample of gauge charge behaviour physically itself in quantum as quantum flux constant , in other word , quantum flux is one of most foundamental presentation of past world in substantiated universe , under certain physical conditions .

Observed data of quantum flux is   

We see this constant actually has something to do with  this means it would change along with evolution of the universe . Refer to Chapter 5 of this paper .

 

4.2  Josephson Effect---Josephson frequency-voltage ratio constant       

 Dimension of frequency-voltage is  

  takes 1      

  = by equation1-12)可得:

let and viewing  as theoretical ones of this constant , we have

 

This result hints that governing by past world , a pair of basic charges in a sample of gauge charge behaviour physically itself in quantum as Josephson frequency-voltage ratio constant , in other word , Josephson frequency-voltage constant is one of most foundamental presentation of past world in substantiated universe , under certain physical conditions .

Observed data of this constant is  

We see this constant actually has something to do with  this means it would change along with evolution of the universe . Refer to Chapter 5 of this paper .

4.3  Quantum conductance effect---Hall quantum conductance constant       

Dimension of conductance is ,  takes 1

  , let

Introducing mol gauge and electric current gauge , by equation (1-12,we have :

  Viewing  as theoretical one of this constant , then :

This result hints that governing by past world , a pair of basic charges in a sample of gauge charge behaviour physically itself in quantum as Hall quantum conductance constant , in other word , Halll quantum conductance constant is one of most foundamental presentation of past world in substantiated universe , under certain physical conditions .

Observed data of this constant is  

We see this constant actually has something to do with  this means it would change along with evolution of the universe . Refer to Chapter 5 of this paper .

Attention should be paied to  in above calculations . This temperature is that of background radiation of the universe rather than that of circumstances in which those physical processes occur . Only these two temperature are close to each other , those physical constants above can be detected more easily .

4.4  Black body radiation effect --- Stefan-Boltzmann constant 

Dimension of this constant is :

 

  takes -2     by equation1-12and introducing electric field gauge , magnetic field gauge , and investigating radiation effect stemming from two pairs of basic charges on per area unit , we have :

,则有

 

Observed data of this constant is :

We deem  as theoretical one of  

This result hints that governing by past world , two pairs of basic charges in a sample of gauge charge behaviour physically itself in quantum as Stefan-Boltzmann constant , in other word , Stefan-Boltzmann constant is one of most foundamental presentation of past world in substantiated universe , under certain physical conditions .

We see this constant actually has something to do with  this means it would change along with evolution of the universe . Refer to Chapter 5 of this paper .

4.5  Magnetic permeability   

Dimension of permeability is :   ,

 takes 1 by equation1-12we have :

 =

From previous paper we know that permittivity of 

 

actually is an constant without dimension , and introducing it into

 

Let theoretical value of  is  and takes , thus :

        

  Observed data of this constant is  

Based on analysis above , we assume that all basic physical constants can be derived form mirror equaton of the

universe accompanying with physical conditions correctly chosen no matter how these constants are originated from CST or DST .

Some readers may perplex , because during process of calculations above , past world did not take part in those calculatons . We could simply get same results without taking it into consideration , just do it by information modulus of the universe and combination of CST . To this regrd , we must realize that if past world is absent , these physical constants would not present in substantiated universe , as we time these results by STV of vacuum , these constants can only be observed and real .     

4.6 Space time property of physical constant  

  We now realize that physical constants classify into two categories . First category stipulates all physical constants it belong to to be constantly same , not alternating along with increase of information modulus of the universe , totally determined by one CST . We call this sorts of physical constant as completable physical constant . These constants , such as gravitational constant , Planck constant , speed of light , Boltzmann constant , Alvogadro constant etc , have been discussed in previous papers . Second category physical constants bears such characteristics of changing along with information modulus of the univerdse being approach to initial modulus of the universe , its value would alter as information modulus of the universe increasing . We call this category of physical constants as default physical constants . But actually alternation of these default physical constants is too smaller to detect xompared with accuracy of our measurement , history of human being and even age of the universe . But they do change . Typical candidates are Stefan-Boltzmann constant and basic charge . Table 1 list space time properties of some basic physical constants .  

  Regaring basic charge constant , we serve a exclusive chapter 5 for it to showcase its physical characteristics thoroughly , given its superior predominance and importance in our physics and reality . We can see there basic charge is originated from past world and changing constantly along revolution of the universe . 

                 Table 1  Space time properties of physical constants 

 

 

5  Basic Charge --- Avatars of Past World in Substantiated Universe  

 

Now we seek shape of existence for past world in substantiated universe . We have leant that the most striking character of basic charge is of its objective reality independently , but sticking to certain objective body , Its observation data is  . From analysis above , we are inspired and presume that basic charge is also one of mirror physical property of the universe . Since it exist ubiquitously amid macro and miro world , so this mirror value of certain general physical property of the universe should has no or little restraint of additional physical conditions . Meantime , its existence in the universe should be non-substantiated . This unique character promp us to think of past world , as it is non-substantiated and contains all information having yielded by the universe . STC of past world is  while  is its shape in substantiated universe ,  (refer to paper of Past World (PSTR)  at author webpage ) . Therefore we now investigate electromagnetic characters of past world  .

5.1  Physical mechanism of basic charge forming     

Past world morphs itself into  in substantiated universe we now introduce two CST , charge gauge and magnetic flux gauge , into it , then we can get an formula as below :

                                             1-13

We call physical quantity  as original square charge of the universe expressed by  . Past world divides this square charge evenly onto 10 dimentions of the universe , that is , every dimension of space or time is afforded one tenth of  , that is :

here is theoretical value of basic charge . It equals

 

while  or

That means under per unit of magnetic flux , on every dimension of space or time of the universe , past world incarnates into 4 basic charges of the same nature with specific combination which is consists of two pairs of basic chares , and each pair is composed of two basic charges . Thus we can express past world on each dimension of space or time by an formula 

            1-14

or              1-15

 

Then past world can characterize in full 10 dimensions of space time in substantiated universe in terns of basic charges as  

=+

=                                              1-16

                                                                                           

Physical meaning of the above equation is that under per unit magnetic flux , past world is equivalent to 10 numbers of specific combination of basic charges with 4 basic charges of the same nature for each one . It is obvious that basic charge indeed is originated form past world , or more accurately , a component of past world on each dimension of substantiated universe . So it is reasonable to say that basic charge is avatars of past world .

We can count out theoretical numbers of basic charges contained in an CST :

           1-17

5.2         Fraction charge and general basic charge  

According to conclusions made by theory and experiments of quantum physics and cryophysics , there exist fraction charge in nature , and it had been verified by observations . Now we explore its physical justification . As said above , past world share evenly onto 10 dimensions of the universe , every dimension of space or time is given 4 basic charge of the same nature . Now we presume that all positive charges are place on 5 space dimensions , negative ones on 5 tune dunensions ,  as shown below :

 

〔(+ ()〕〔(+ ()〕

----------------------------------------------------magnetized first dimension of space

 

〔(+ ()〕〔(+ ()〕

----------------------------------------------------magnetized second dimension of space

 

〔(+ ()〕〔(+ ()〕

----------------------------------------------------magnetized third dimension of space

 

+ ()〕〔(+ ()〕

----------------------------------------------------magnetized fourth dimension of space

 

+ ()〕〔(+ ()〕

----------------------------------------------------magnetized fifth dimension of space

 

 

+ +

magnetized first dimension of time ----------------------------------------------------

 

+ +

magnetized second dimension of time----------------------------------------------------

 

+ +

magnetized third dimension of time----------------------------------------------------

 

+ +

magnetized fourth dimension of time----------------------------------------------------

 

+ +

magnetized fifth dimension of time----------------------------------------------------

Since the universe is composed of 10 dimensions of space time , and under normal state , each dimension load square charge of  , so the universe and every dimension of space or time are neutral  . But when a basic charge or several charges (4 basic charges at most) is excited jumping onto other dimension , despite whole universe remains neutral unchanged , but for the dimension on which the excited basic charge jump would display electric property . When positive charge on space dimension jump onto a certain time dimension , this time dimension would possesses positive electric proerty ; when negative charge on time dimension jump onto space dimension , the space dimension would possesses negative electric property . At same time , based on observed fact that both positive charge and negative charge are emerging simultaneously , we must consider such excited jumping for positive basic charge and negative ones as reciprocal .exchange in between . Electric quantity of such electric property either is fraction times of basic charge or whole number times of basic charge , and can be expressed by an formula below :

                                             1-18    

here is numbers of basic charges excited .

By this formula , we can get such general basic charges as below :

 

   

    .   

All these general basic charges exist in substantiated universe , electric quantities of rest of charges equal whole number times of these general charges without any exception .

If we presume all positive charges are placed on time dimensions , and all negative ones on space dimensions , we can obtain these general basic charges as well .                                            

5.3 Electromagnetic symbiootic state of past world    

From equation1-13 ,(1-14 ,(1-15and1-16, we realize that phenomena of magnetism and electricity are all stemming from past world , in other word , at certain universal moment , emergence and behaviour of a pair or two pairs of basic charges in substantiated universe actually represent all events happened from past world at same moment . These events are confined inside those basic charges , and declare their existence by external macro quantum effects . At same time , magnetism and electricity emerge simultaneously and are of symbiotic and protoplast rather than ramification from each other .  

So we call these four equations as electromagnetic symbiotic state of past world . Such state of past world also can be expressed by other formula , we exemplify in terms of single space or time dimension on which past world perched . Introducing electric current gauge  into eqation (1-14, we have :

       

here

 so  electromagnetic symbiotic state of past world on single dimension of space or time would be :

           1-19

Let  in , we get :

            1-20

Pondering past world by STC analysis , we can uncover various forms of past world enrolling physical constants as its representatives , ranging from cosmology to general physics , from quantum physics to cryophyiscs . Among these physics , past world being aloofness as “soul ” of founamental physical phenomena holds court behind them from a screen . No matter how these physical formulas change their faces ,  in the end , they all would essentially shape themselves back to STC of past world .  From this perspective , we might worship reasonably past world  as His majesty the Mr. Supervisor of the universe .

5.4 Default space time property of basic charge 

Due to basic charge is originated from past world , while past world evolves all the time synchronized with its STV kept increasing , information contents kept flourishing , this would result in modulus of basic charge getting larger . From equation1-13 , we see that original square charge of the universe is a linear fuction to information modulus of the universe , that is :

                    1-21

When  we get

   , so basic charge would be then :

Difference between values of basic charge at present and then would be :

while difference between life time and age of the universe is :

 so ratio of these two equals  ,

This variable is equivalent to that for every 33.1billion years , there would be only a change at 33th bit behind radix point of value of basic charge . It is too small to detect compared to accuracy of our measurement , history of human and even age of the universe at present . So we can approximately consider basic chare as a constant , but must treat it as a variable in theory . This differ from completable physical constants , which do not alter along with evolution of the universe , they are really constant of the universe indeed .

 We now absolutely convince that macro-world and micro-world are originated form one objective reality --- vacuum and information of the universe . We can get macro values of all physical properties of the universe from micro ones  , in turn , we also can get micro values form its macro ones , just mediating by vacuum . This know how totally stand for a longstanding argument made by natural philosophy that macro world and micro world is essentially unified  .

 At last , we are inspired that all physical properties and values in essence are reflections of information movements of past world which incarnated in substantiated universe through presentation of basix charge and elementary particles , that is , in such dimension of sacle , what we have detected actually are all events happened in past glued on basic charges or embedded in elementary particles , which behaviour physically under specific physical conditions .This open a window for us to release holographic images of these events out of basic charges , that of ours , theirs , human history and whole evolutionary process of the universe . This prophesy an era upcoming of superspatial holographic communicaton for mankind , Our turn is coming !

Superspatial holographic communicaton says that in vacuum , all holographic images of past events with time cover of  , which happened on any space time domain in past , can be reemerging and displaying in control by menns of holographic images within any space realm assigned in substantiated universe at an certain universal moment .                          

 

6    General Structure of the Universe

 

From conclusi9ons of previous papers , we have known that the universe was initiated from an initial information unitand  munber of vacuum);

From information equation of the universe ,

        ==  +

=  + ,

we also know that , at th universal moment , besides initial modulus of the universe , there are three items bearing different physical meaning independently  , that is , information unit  past world and vacuum coefficient

Past world  interacting with initial modulus of the universe yields substantiated universe :

         =

Vacuum quantity of the universe at the moment is :

 

Meanwhile , it is the th past world escaping from  bubble that turned  into default space time , and enable the substantiated universe to be appearance and observable .

Mission of  is to generate next G ubble .

Past world formed from a G buble is mergered by next one , so at (th universal moment , past world upgrade into : its STV become  ;

Situation above is suitable for positive vacuum , and it activated an physical process of the universe creation initiated by  , and generated a positive vacuum universe .

What expounded in all papers now lays foundation for us to outline overall structures of the universe . Before we present it to readers , some uncertainties should be cleared .

 

6.1  Positive vacuum universe and negative vacuum universe

   In the end of paper of  Completable Space Time and Default Space Time , it wrote few words about negative space time and deemed it as anti-substance universe . Now a little further more analysis are given to this regard .

   According to four basic assumptions of STV and STC of four physical quantities  ,

from  , we get  

 

from   , we get :

or 

We assign such rules as when  takes negative value , expressed by  that is ,

 .

while STC of vacuum is  when takes negative value there must be

 .

here .

Initial information unit ineracted with these two type of Vacuum ,

 forming two type of G bubbles .

We call the universe activated from as positive vacuum universe , and negative vacuum universe activated from  .We have expounded positive vacuum universe in details . Physical process of negative vacuum universe is almost exactly Ones of positive vacuum universe , except for corresponding physical quantities juggling from  into . General definition for such alterations as :

Suppose , there is an physical quantity in positive vacuum universe  as  thus in negative vacuum universe  , this physical quantity turns into   

             and                                          1-22

  hereis modulus of   coefficient

For example , in negative vacuum universe , STV and STC of following physical quantities would be :

One dimensional time 

One dimensional space 

Mass unit

Energy unit

Electric current unit .

Magnetic flux unit

Thermodynamic temperature unit

 

Gravitational constant

                                   ……

We see there exist negative time and space axis in the universe and negative mass unit , negative energy unit and so on . But in these two type of universe , thermodynamic temperature unit , force unit , electric current unit and information unit are all same as positive one .

Restraint from length limitation of this paper , STC analysis toward negativevacuum universe leave unexplained and as homework left to readers who is interested in it .

In addition , it is a necessity to constue an physical quantity ---entropy . Previously we defined physical entropy as   but only this definition among all physical units violates rules of STC stipulation . Since while we ruled . Now we define natural entropy and figure out relations between these two entropies .

Physical entropy

or  , natrual entropy              1-23

From preliminary analysis above , we suspect negative vacuum universe was the fugitive of anti-substances world we have been hunting for .

All in all , we now convince that there exist twin universe objectively---positive vacuum universe and negative vacuum universe . But it is a big topic for us to talk about here , wisely we should move back to positive universe rather than embroiling with it . 

6.2 Proportion of observed masses of the universe

  Observations and theoretical inferences indicate masses observed only account for about 5% of total that of the universe , most of them exist by neans of darkened mass or energy . Since this sort of physical property constributes to general ones , so we certainly can settle this issue by general value equation . 

   From results of section 2.11and 2.3 total momentum of the universe is  total of masses of the universe is  then we have :

    that is ,=                     1-24

   =                           1-25

Compared to equations1-24and1-25, and let thus :

                                          1-26

   Remark :(see appendix of this paper)

We see that observed masses actually accounts for about 6.1% of total of masses of the universeit is a little larger than we estimated . This proportion has nothing to do with information modulus of the universe , and was fully predetermined by space time structure of physical unit of momentum , this means it does not change along with evolution of the universe .

6.3    Proportion of observed energies of the universe

From results of section 2.12 and 2.7 total angular momentum of the universe is :

J , total energies of the universe is  

Ratio of these two is  so we get : ,

                          

While ,  therefore ,

                                

Let  we have :

                                                     1-27

This shows that observed energies only account for 6.1% total that of the universe either and this proportion as well has nothing to do with information modulus of the universe , totally was regulated by space time structure of angular momentum .

We now guess from these two conclusions that inherent space time structures of physical quantities for mechanical movements of the universe had doomed our sight barrier or field of vision .  

6.4   Observed universe and darkened universe    

  From equations of 1-26and1-27),we can get an conclusion that positive vacuum universe is consists of

two parts , one is observed universe , it accounts for  exactly of the universe  the other one is darkened universe , it accounts for   exactly of the universe . We express them in terms of event (substantiated form) as below :

Observed universe :                  1-28

Darkened universe :                 1-29   

Taking initial modulus of the universe  out of their substantiated forms ,  we can get their information forms (past world):

 

 past world                                 1-30

past world                                1-31      

Summarized these four equations , electromagnetic symbiotic state of past world and information equation of the universe , we can draw such conclusions as below which are not explained in details . 

Past world classify information of the universe into two categories by unknown property ; These two sorts of information interacting with initial modulus of the universe activate and emerge all universal events in substantiated universe ; The substantiated universe is divided into two entities which are observed universe and darkened universe , accounting for and of the whole substantiated universe respectively  Events of observed universe are originate from past world and only account forof total events happened in substantiated universe ; Events of darkened universe are also generated from past world and account for    of total events happened in substantiated universe , and are those of reemergency of events having happened in observed universe or reshuttle of these events ; All events both happened in observed universe and darkened universe are of substantiated ; All events of the universe are confined with basic charge in observed universe ; Interface in  macro-world between observed universe and darkened universe is field of vision of observed universe ;  Terminal of space time in micro-world locates on surface of basic charge in observed universe ; Information interchanges constantly between observed universe and darkened universe .

6.5  General structure of the universe  

Now we back to positive vacuum universe . Up to now we have leant so many know how about the universe in details in terms of its running  physical process , its physical mechanism , and overall relationship between all major parts of it . Following sketch is a summary graphically  which enable us to have a picture of the universe even more clearer and thoroughness . We again leave readers a homework to conceive that of negative vacuum universe for entertainment themselves if interested . That s to be funny ! .

That is all .

Thank you for your reading .

            

        Drawing 1  Sketch of Structure of the Universe

           

                     

 

Reference Index 

 

1 :Longdao Xu , Dictionary of Physics , Beijing: Science Press ,2004

2 :Zhengxing Wang , Morden Physics , Beijing: Peking University Press ,1995.

3:Yunqiang Yu , An Introduction to General Relativity , Beijing: Peking University Press , 1997.

4:Jing Zhao , Black Hole and Curved Space-Time , Shanxi: Shanxi Science and Technology Press , 2000.

5:Bingxing Shi , Quantum Physics , Beijing: Qinghua University Press ,1982

6:Zhiqiang Zhang , Feeding Back Theory of the Universe , 2005 , http://www.universefedback.com

  .    

 

Appendix          G gauge of common physical unit and its space time property

Suppose , there is an physical quantity is modulus of  , then G gauge of this physical quantity can be expressed as below (for common used physical units here )

Finished in Dec.12 , 2006 , in Dalian , China .

Amended in Jan.1 ,2007 , in Dalian , China .