**G BUBBLE BURSTS AND THE UNIVERSE BEING CREATED**

**
**

**Author: Zhiqiang Zhang**

**
ID:210211195801073173**

Email : gp@xinzhitrading.cn

Keyword : G Bubble , Information Unit , Event , Information Equation of the Universe ,

Past World .

**Abstract
**

In this work , definitions of some basic physical units
and quantity , such as , G bubble (_{}_{}) , information unit (_{}) , vacuum (_{}) , modulus of the universe (**MU**) , modulus of information of the universe (_{}** **), entropy flow (_{}) , information (_{}) and event (_{}_{}) , are defined.

One physical process through which time , mass , space and information being created is illustrated and then a formula called “Information Equation of the Universe” is derived which describes STC , STV and numbers of all events happened and to be happened.

From information equation of the universe , STC of information and information unit are emerged and strictly defined . Also fundamental properties of information , information unit and event are unveiled , that is , information and information unit are an objective entities and of non-substantiated , meanwhile event is substantiated form of information . Essence of the universe is unveiled that the universe at present is condensed from all events happened in past . Masses can differentiate each other by possessing different information contents .

Under assumptions of four physical quantities , STC and STV of all physical units and some basic physical constants can be derived from these four datum.

Some conclusions regarding the universe are drawn in terms of age , total masses , radius , finality , mechanism of expansion and background radiation of the universe , furthermore , having predicted that along with time passing by , temperature of this type of radiation would Increase by 0.8248K per ten billion years.

Also past world , all events happened in the past , is
unveiled at first time in terms of its STV , STC and numbers where , being
state of pure vacuum , some events being emerged are exactly the same as it
happened in the past while others being emerged are those combined by segments
of the above events , but all images of these events do not materialize any
more and would exist by means of its unique STC: _{}forever .

And also several methods by which past world can be detected are served in terms of electric current and energy manner .

Finally an ultimate verdict is made which is that the
universe had , has and will having been informatiated itself from its
substantiated entities into an informatiated world where 0.55_{}e+86 numbers units of information representing all
events happened and to be happened in 3.3170311178758667e+10** y**ears of the universe will aggregate
with identical STC of ** _{}**, but different information contents :

**1
Theoretical value of Physical Quantities**

In the paper “Completable Sapce-Time and Default Space-Time”(simplified as paper A thereinafter) , STV of some basic physical units were listed but not precise very much due to unavoidable interference factors of measurements . By calculating and analysis , assumptions of four basic datum are set forth as below:

_{}|_{} =1._{}e-86

_{}|_{} =6._{}e+68

_{}=1.008_{}e+93

_{} =_{}=0._{}

STV of basic** **G gauges , rest of G gauges and some basic physical
constants can be derived from these four datum , and some of them are rational
figures ( infinite circulating decimal or whole number) and list them below
(See Table C1 ). Unfortunately some results have little difference to their
observed ones. In this paper , STV of G gauges and physical constants adopt
these theoretical values.

Table C1 **Theoretical values of
some physical quantities**

**2 Some Definitions**

**2.1, Definitions**

**2.1.1**** ** Entropy Flow _{}

Planck
particle _{} also has another
physical meaning , since _{} = _{} =_{} .

here _{} =1.3804426056624644…e-23 ,

_{} is unit of
entropy and _{} that of
temperature.

_{} =
0.4795140923863816…e-10_{} (temperature of Planck particle).

We
see that a _{} is an energy flow
of _{} entropies at
temperature of_{} , so defining _{}as an entropy flow. We can count that

_{} |_{} =
1.3483997249264841…e-43 .

**2.1.2**** ** Vacuum _{}

Defining _{}=_{}as physical unit of vacuum and expressed by_{} , and

(_{})_{} = 1.008_{}e+93 .

**2.1.3**** ** Information Unit _{}

Defining _{} as physical unit
of information.

_{}|_{} = 1._{}e-86 .

_{} represent all
information displayed by the universe at universal moment of _{}(see section “Information Equation of the Universe” behind)

**2.1.4**_{}_{}

Defining (_{}_{})as G bubble expressed by _{} , and

(_{}_{} )_{} = 1.

_{}bubble is an CST.

**2.1.5**** ** Modulus of the universe ** MU
**

Calling MU as modulus of the universe , and

**MU =**_{} =(|_{}|_{})_{} =_{}|_{} =0.55_{}e+86.

Here _{}=|_{}|_{}.

**2.1.6**_{}

Defining _{} as information
and we can count that :

_{}|_{}≤ _{}|_{}=1._{}e-86

here
_{} or _{} , _{} .

An information is consists of products of _{} terms of various
information units and an coefficient , and emerges a thing (an event) along
with vacuum in the universe at universal moment of _{}= _{}_{}.

**2.1.7**** ** _{}

** **We call an interval of _{}_{}as (_{}+1)th universal moment of the universe. , expressed by _{} .

here _{}_{} = _{} =1.3483997249264841…e-43 .

**3 A**** Physical Process of the Universe Being Created**

**3.1 G**** bubble burst ( CST Phrase transformation)**

Before our universe formed (3.3170311178758667e+10 years
around) , only two type of STC existed there :vacuum (_{}=_{})and an unit of initial information of _{} .This initial
information bonded itself with a piece of vacuum (_{}=|_{}|_{}) ，forming an
initial G bubble _{}= (|_{}|_{})_{}=_{}_{} , and initiated a process of the universe(the one in which
we live ) being created.

See Fig. C1

**Interpretation of
the Fig.C1**

_{} is an CST and
stipulated a sets of G gauges of the universe and followed its burst (CST
phrase transformation):

**Step one:**

Two Planck particles escaped from _{} within the CST,
and triggered its burst and turned this CST into DST temporarily., also _{}=_{}_{} was broke and separated into_{}and_{}.As a result , physical unit of time was emerged..

**Step two:**

One particle of_{}=_{} (entropy flow) combined with_{}forming an unit of information_{}_{}=(_{})_{}= _{}.

**Step three:**

_{} displayed itself
and then plunged into_{} and generated a mass of_{}= (|_{}|_{})_{} = |_{}|kg = 0._{}e-7_{} , and quantities
of vacuum reduced by 1/ MU=1/0.55_{}e+86.

.**Step four:**

As a result of the above steps combined , a new modulus of the universe

_{} =_{}=_{}( 1 – 1/ MU ) +_{} reshaped.

**Step five :**

_{} and_{} combined each other forming a new G bubble _{} =_{}_{} and first CST phrase transformation process was completed.

**Step six:**

Another Planck
particle_{}offset unit of time_{}, that is_{}_{}=1. All G gauges folded into CST_{} , and CST_{} closed.

All
of these things happened lasted** **1.3483997249264841…e-43
_{}**.**

We assign this period of time as 1th moment of the universe.

This also stipulated that every G bubble burst would exactly last the same period of time .

**Step seven :**

The second G bubble burst commenced subsequently in the same way as_{} did.

As a result of this process , total masses of the universe added to 2_{} = 2|_{}| kg = 1._{}e-7 _{} and total time
lasted added to 2_{} = 2 |_{}| _{} =
2.6967994498529682…e-43_{} and_{} reshaped:

_{} =_{}= _{}( 1 – 2/ MU ) +_{} .

and also _{}=_{} _{} emerged.

……..

**Step eight**

After (_{}-1)th burst of _{} , the universe
reshaped itself with total masses of (_{}) |_{}| = _{}(0._{}e-7 )_{} , total time lasted of (i)( _{}) = _{}(1.3483997249264841…e-43 ) _{} and modulus of
the universe became:

** _{} =**

And an information unit _{} was generated , therefore G bubble of_{} formed.**:**

**
**_{}=_{}_{}=〔_{} (1 - _{} / MU ) **+ _{}**〕

** **We
see that |_{}|=0.55_{}e+86=_{}=|_{}|_{}.

We call** **_{}** **in
equation of** (3-1) **as modulus of
information of the universe and it also represents STV of DST of the universe
at moment of_{}.

We see the universe generated masses at a ratio of

_{}/_{} = 0.4045199174779453e+36 _{}/_{}.

We also see if we
can pin point STV of DST of the universe at present , by default theorem , we would be able to determine status quo
of the universe in terms of masses , radius , age , … and so on.

**3.2 Value
of **_{}** at
present n**

We express value of modulus of information(STV of DST)
of the universe at present by **n** (_{}= **n**).

Observed datum up to now regarding the universe at present
are well known but with an** ? **attached each:

Total
masses : 1e+_{} = 1.986e+51( _{}) **?**

Radius : 1e+10
(pc) = 3.0857e+26( _{}) **?**

Age
: 1e+10 (years) ～ 2e+10(
years)** ?**

Mass
density of the universe: 1e-27(_{}) **?**

Expansion
speed of the universe : 0.9_{} (some observed data implies it approaches to _{})** ?**

(see Ref.2/page 551 and Ref.3/page 139)

Here M_{}is masses of the sun and equal 1.986e+30 _{} .

But being nature of human being , seeking know how upon
the universe is their essence spiritually , and they never get fully satisfied
with estimated results and observed datum. There must be a way by which these
datum can be explained mathematically, logically , rationally , simply and
harmoniously and then made more accurate. In 1990 ,mankind launched a satellite
dedicated to detect temperature of microwave background radiation and get the
most precise result :

**2.736****±0.016 _{}(**see Ref.3/page145

I found a way by using this paramount data as standard
to calculate value of **n **more
accurately and theoretically(see the method in section of this paper
“Investigation to Cosmology’ behind）.

If we take this paramount data as
a standard , we can get value of **n **by
the method , that is:

Modulus of information of the universe at present

= STV of DST of the universe at present

= **n **

= **7.7577806787995700…e+60 **

We know this value is STV of DST of the universe at present. According to default theorem , we can calculate status quo of the universe .For instance :

**3.2.1**** , Total masses of the
universe at present **equal to :

(**n**)(_{})=**7.7577806787995700e+60**( 0._{}e-7 _{})

= 4.2315167338906745…e+

If we deem total masses of dark matter in the universe
are 100 times of that of observed ones(see Ref.3/page167) , there would be that
total of observed masses of the universe are equal to :4.2315167338906745…e+51 _{};

**3.2.2**** , Radius of the universe
at present **equal to:

(**n **)_{}=(**7.7577806787995700e+60)**(0.4045199174779452…e-34)_{}

=3.1381767999999997…e+26_{} ;

**3.2.3**** ****， Age of the universe at present** equal to :

(**n**)(_{})=(**7.7577806787995700e+60**) (1.3483997249264841…e-43_{})

=10.4605893333333332…e+17_{}

=3.3170311178758667…e+10 years;

**3.2.4**** , Average of Mass density
of the unicverse at present: **

Suppose the universe is sphere , thus we have

_{}= 3(_{}_{} ) /4_{}(_{}_{} )_{}

=1.9672077805101312… e+95/ _{} (_{})

here _{}=3.1415926.

when _{}= **n** (modulus of information at present) , we
have

_{} =
1.9672077805101312…e+95/ **n**_{}(_{} ).

So ,at present , average of mass density of the universe equal to

_{}=1.9672077805101312+95/(**7.7577806787995700e+60)**_{}( _{})

=3.2687013208516524…e-27(_{}) , and keeping decreased as _{}→MU=0.55_{}e+86.

** **

**4
Information Equation of the Universe**

**4.1 Derivation of
the Equation**

From process of G bubble burst we see that _{} had , has and
will having been turned vacuum into masses.In this section , we also can see
that relative to vacuum , these masses transformed contains all information to
which all events of the universe happened in the past belong . That is , every
mass of _{} contains all
things happened in the universe at universal moment of _{}.. .

This property is unveiled by a formula called information equation of the universe .From process of G bubble burst , we know:

_{} =_{} (1 - _{} /_{} ) +_{} ** **

**
=**_{} (1 - _{} / **MU** ) +_{}

= _{} (1 -
_{} /0.55_{}e+86 ) +_{}

=_{} ；

_{} =_{}_{}** =****〔**_{} (1 - _{} /0.55_{}e+86) +_{}**〕**_{} =_{}_{} ；

_{} = _{} _{}= _{}_{}=_{}(bursted) , so we get:

When _{}=0 , total numbers of basic information or events displayed
by the universe equal to:

2_{} =1：

_{} =_{}_{}= _{}_{} = (_{}) |_{}|_{};

Remark: refer to

When _{}=1 , total numbers of basic information or events displayed
by the universe equal to:

2_{} =2：

_{} =_{}_{} =**〔 _{} **(1 - 1 /0.55

=_{}_{}

**= **(_{})|_{}|**〔** (1
- 1 /0.55_{}e+86 )_{} +_{}_{}**〕**

When _{}=2 , total numbers of basic information or events displayed
by the universe equal to :

2_{} = 4

_{}= _{}_{}=**〔 _{} **(1 -
2 /0.55

=(_{}) |_{}|**〔** (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86)_{} +_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86) _{}_{} +_{}_{}_{} **〕.**

When _{} = 3 , total
numbers of basic information or events displayed by the universe equal to:

2_{} = 8:

_{} =_{}_{}=**〔 _{} **(1 -
3 /0.55

=_{}_{}

=(_{}) |_{}|**〔**(1- 3/0.55_{}e+86)|_{} +_{}_{}

+(1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86) _{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86) _{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{} **〕.**

When _{}=4 , total numbers of basic information or events displayed
by the universe equal to:

2_{} = 16:

_{}=_{}_{}=**〔 _{} **(1 -
4 /0.55

=_{}_{}

=(_{}) |_{}|**〔**〔(1- 4/0.55_{}e+86) _{} +_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+〔(1- 3/0.55_{}e+86) _{} _{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{} _{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86)_{} _{} _{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{}_{}+_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} **〕 **

When _{}=5 , total numbers of basic information or events displayed
by the universe equal to:

2_{} =32:

_{}=_{}_{}=**〔 _{} **(1 -
5 / MU )

=_{}_{}

= (_{})|_{}|**〔** (1- 5/0.55_{}e+86)_{} +_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86e86)_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 3/0.55_{}e+86)_{} _{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{}_{}+_{}_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 4/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86)_{} _{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 3/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}

+(1 – 1/0.55_{}e+86))_{}_{}_{}_{}+_{}_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1- 2/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}_{}

+ (1 –1/0.55_{}e+86)_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} +_{}_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} **〕**

……

When _{}=n , total numbers of basic information or events displayed
by the universe equal to:

_{}:

……

_{}**= _{}**

**=****〔 _{} **(1 -
n / MU )

**= _{}**

**= _{}**

=(_{})|_{}|**〔 _{}+_{}**

**
**

=_{}_{}**〔 _{}+_{}**

**= _{}**

** **And then we get;

_{}=_{}_{}**〔 _{}+_{}**

here _{}=0,1,2,3, …,_{}-1

_{}=0,1,2,…, MU.

_{}=_{} ,…2,1

_{}≥_{}

_{} represent
combinatorial array of _{}term of information units , that is a product of _{}terms of information units taking out from information units
of _{} numbers .

.

In case of _{} ,there are
numbers of events .Among these events , there were _{}=_{} numbers of events bearing STC of _{} (called O
category event) and _{}=_{} numbers of events bearing STC of〔(1 - _{}/MU)_{}〕 (_{}≠0) (called S category event).

**4.2 Explanation to Information Equation of
the Universe**

We have known that process of evolution of the universe is essentially physical process of G bubble’s forming and bursting constantly. Up to now , numbers of G bubble bursted have been

**n=7.7577806787995700…e+60
,**

so the universe bears such physical properties as total
mass , radius …and so on. While every G bubble is actually consists of vacuum
and all information produced at an universal moment of the universe , so the
universe at present is in fact composed of vacuum and all information generated
from the first universal moment all the way to the present universal moment of
the universe (time span covers _{}) . In simple , the universe at present is converged from all
events happened during same period of the universe .

Other primary properties of the information equation are :

**4.2.1**_{} bubble’s bursting
stages all events happened in the universe at moment of_{} ,and then _{} bubble’s closure
brought an outcome that all these events were concentrated into a mass of_{} and being recorded and preserved within it.

**4.2.2**_{} is equal to2_{};

**4.2.3**** ** Total of basic events
happened in the universe up to now equal to:

_{}=_{} - 1
(4-9)

here
n=7**.7577806787995700…e+60 ;**

Total numbers of basic events happened and to be happened combined of the universe will equal to:

_{}=_{} - 1** **(4-10)

here MU=0.55_{}e+86.

**4.2.4**

_{} or , 〔(1 - _{}/MU)|_{}〕

**4.2.5**** ** By equation(4-5) , there
would be an effect that all events the mass of _{} contained would
display in state of vacuum:

(_{})|_{}|**〔 _{}+_{}**

According equation (4-8) , relative to vacuum ,all
information generated in the past can display themselves downsized by|_{} times ,this mean if an observer who change into state of
vacuum could see these information(past events). For instance , an observer, whose
mass is

Degraded mass mean a mass degrades into vacuum and information .

**4.2.6**** ** From physical process of G bubble’s burst
, we see that every G bublle burst generates an information unit.Up to now ,
the total numbers of G bubble bursted have been **n ,** so information quantities of the universe as a whole is :

_{}_{} =** n _{}
** (4-11)

here n=7**.7577806787995700…e+60 .**

**4. 2.7 A**

_{}=**〔 _{}+_{}**

**
**This also means that an
information unit_{} represent all events happened in the universe at universal moment
of _{}.

**4.2.8**** ** Events to be happened in future can be
also exclusively determined in terms of its numbers , STV and STC:

**〔 _{}+_{}**

**4.2.9**_{}e+86 bits and calling it as its information code

If we
assign _{} by “_{} by “

e.g1 :

Binary
digits of an information (_{}_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} ) is:

000000000000000000000000000…000000000000111111

(aggregated 0.55_{}e+86.bits)

e.g2:

Binary digits of an information (_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} ) is :

0000000000…10000000000000000…0000000000011110

↓

(nth bit)

(aggregated 0.55_{}e+86.bits )

**
5 Information
and Event**

**5.1 Definition of Information and Its
Expression**

**5.1.1**** Basic Information and Composite
Information**

**5.1.1****.1 Definiton of Basic Information:**

Defining STC of every term in the information equation of the universe as basic information of the universe

Expression:

_{}
(5-1)

_{}=0,1,2,3,…,_{}-1.

_{}=1 (_{}) ; _{} (_{}) .

_{} ，_{} .

_{}represents product of _{}terms of information units taking out from _{} terms of
information units.

**5.1.1****.2 Numbers of Basic Information**

At moment of the universe _{} , numbers of
basic information displayed are equal to _{}.

**5.1.1****.3 Definition of Composite Information**

Defining STC of sum of two or more than two basic information as composite information of the universe.

Expression:

_{}(_{})
(5-2)

_{}=2,3,4,…,_{}-1 .

**5.1.1****.4 Numbers of Composite Information**

At moment of the universe _{} ,Numbers of
composite information are equal to sum of numbers of combinations taking out _{}numbers of elements from _{} numbers of basic
information ,That is :

_{}(_{}) (5-3)

here _{}=_{}.

**5.1.2**** Information**

Calling generally both basic information and composite information of the universe as information .

**5.1.2****.1 Information grade and Information
class**

Calling (_{}+1) as information grade of an basic information.

Calling maximum subscript of an information unit among a basic information as information class of the basic information.

**5.2 Definition of Information Units and Its
Expression**

**5.2.1**** Definition of Information Unit **

Defining sum of _{}terms of basic information produced by the universe at _{}th moment as information unit .

**5.2.2**** Information Unit Expression**

_{}=_{}(_{})
(5-4)

here , _{}=_{} .

**5.2.3 P****hysical meaning of
information unit**

From physical process of G bubble burst , we know that
during duration between bursting of _{}bubble and reforming of next _{}bubble , the universe displays an information unit of _{} and this
information unit is in state of separating from modulus of the universe , that
is , at this universal moment of _{} , it is of
emergence and being observed . From information equation of the universe and
equation (5-2) , (5-4) , explanation to _{} is that at the
universal moment_{} , every basic information _{} and composite
information _{}(_{})
are of emergence and being observed
.

When bubble is closed , _{}combines vacuum and forms a mass of _{} , and all these
information tuck into this mass and are well recorded and preserved by the
universe . From information equation of the universe and equation (5-2) , (5-4)
, explanation to _{} is that at universal
moment of _{} , these
information are downsized by _{} times and transferred
into past space time realm . Thus they are of hidden and non-observation (see
section of “ Past World’’).

**5.3 Information Quantity**

Appointing an information unit without its subscript as
general information unit_{} .

**5.3.1**** Definition **

Defining quantities of general information _{}of an information as information quantity of the information
.

**5.3.2**** Characteristic **

Information quantity of an information reflects determinability and knowability of the information instead of emergence probability of an event to which the information belongs . The more information quantity an event has , the more determinability and knowability the event is. Vice versa.

**5.3.3**** Expression**

Suppose a composite information : _{}(_{}) , then its information quantity is :

_{}(_{})|_{}(_{}_{})=0.55e+86_{}(_{}) |_{} _{} (5-5)

Example:

An
information_{}_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} , its information quantity

=0.55e+86(36.1263315234417556…e-516) _{}=1.9869482337892965…e-429_{}.

**5.4 Event and its Property**

**5.4.1**** Definition of Event**

An event happened in the universe at a certain universal moment is an physical effect of interaction between modulus of the universe and basic information or composite information to which this event belongs.

We call an event as basic event emerged from basic information and as composite event emerged from composite information of the universe.

**5.4.2**** Expression of Event**

**Basic Event**:

_{}|_{}|_{}
(5-6)

_{}=0,1,2,3,…,_{}-1.

**Composite Event :**

_{}|_{}|_{}(_{} )
(5-7)

_{}=2,3,4,…,_{} -1

**5.4.3**** Numbers of Event**

**Numbers of basic
event **

At moment of the universe _{} , numbers of
basic information generated by the universe are equal to _{} , so there are
equivalent numbers of basic events _{} which is composed
of these basic information.

**Numbers of
composite event **

_{}(_{})
(5-8)

here _{}=_{}.

**5.4.4**** Fundamental Property of Event**

From discussion the above ,we know that modulus of the universe remain constantly unchanged relative to information , so property , forms and changes of all events happened and to be happened totally are determined by generations and movements of all information produced by the universe , that is , event is universally substantiated form of information.

**5.5 Information Volume of Event**

**5.5.1**** Definition**

Defining information volume of an event as numbers of basic information the event contains.

**5.5.2**** Characteristic of Information Volume **

** ** Information volume of an event reflects
complexity of the event. The more information volume of an event has , the more complexity the event is . Vice
versa.

**6
Investigation to Cosmology**

**6.1 Value
of n **

By _{} =_{}_{}_{}
(6-1)

Now we investigate quantities of temperature generated by all these information.

Since |** _{}|=_{}=** |

_{}|_{} = 1._{}e-86

_{}= 0.3556171686496934…e+33_{}=1

|_{}| =(_{}|_{} (_{}) =0.6465766702721699…e-53_{}

We express this temperature by _{}=| _{}| _{}.

then we get

_{} =_{}_{}_{}=_{}|** _{}|**|

= (** _{}** ) (

=(_{})_{}(_{})
(6-4)

here_{}(_{}) represents temperature of background radiation of the
universe .

That is :

** ** _{}(_{}) =(_{}|_{}|| _{}|)_{}
(6-5)

We see from equation(6-4), that being state of pure
vacuum ** _{} **,there would
be a temperature of (

_{}(**n**) = **n** |_{}|| _{}|_{} = **2.736****±0.016 **_{} .

if we
take _{}(**n**) =2.736 _{} as a standard ,
then we get

**n** =2.736 K** /** (0._{}e-7)( 0.6465766702721699…e-53_{})

So , ** n =** **7.7577806787995700…e+60**

**6.2 ** **Finality of the universe**

Previously we calculate status quo of the universe by using this data n (modulus of information of the universe at present ) , now we look at finality of the universe.

We know from discussions the above that the universe has
been constantly transforming vacuum into masses and creating information . Along
with this process being proceeded , value of modulus of information of the
universe is kept increasing until reaching at _{}=MU= 0.55_{}e+86.At this point ,according to default theorem , there
would be a results regarding the universe:

**6.2.1**_{})

=( 0.55_{}e+86)(1.3483997249264841…e-43)_{}

=0.7416198487095662…e+43 _{}

=0.2351661113361130…e+36 years.

**6.2.2**_{})

=(0.55_{}e+86)(0.54e-7)_{}

= 2._{}e78 _{}

**6.2.3**_{})

=(0.55_{}e+86) (0.4045199174779452…e-34_{})

=0.2224859546128698…e+52 _{}

**6.2.4**_{}(MU) =(MU) |_{}|_{}|_{}

=0.1939730010816509…e+26 _{}.

_{}= 3(MU_{} ) /4_{}(MU_{} )_{}

=1.9672077805101312…e+95/_{} (_{})

=0.6503166216562417…e-76(_{}).

**6.3
Expansion of the universe**

Mechanism of expansion is due to that masses of the universe are constantly created and kept

increasing by_{}/_{}= 0.4045199174779452…e+36_{} per second, while mass density of the

universe is kept decreasing along with increasing of
modulus of information _{} , since

(_{}=1.9672077805101319 e+95/ _{} _{}).

That would be the case of constant expansion of the universe . Speed of this expansion also

can be calculated in a easy way:

_{}(_{}) /_{}(_{}) = _{} = _{} (6-6)

So boundary of the universe is enlarging at speed of
light _{}.

**6.4** **Temperature of background radiation of the universe**

We know from equation(6-1) and (6-5) , temperature of background radiation of the universe

are stemming from information that are kept creating constantly. From conclusions and

observations of modern physics and experiments , we know that information being created would

generate heat . Due to property of this temperature stemming from information generated in the

past , so we also call itas heat of past(see section SIX “Past World”).

This temperature would increase gradually. At present **n=7.7577806787995700…e+60
,**this brings an outcome that temperature of the universe would be _{}(**n**) =2.736_{} and also along with modulus of information approaching to
MU,_{}(_{}) would increase by 0.8248339864089238…(_{}) per ten billion years
(2.736_{}/3.3170311178758667…e+10years).

This also mean the universe would warm up gradually and spectrum of this radiation would shift toward to ultrared , then red , and then yellow ,… , as a result , the sky would become more brighter.

6.**5 Instantaneity and simultaneity of time
and information**

At any circumstance , STV of modulus of the universe
remains unchanged and always display itself in terms of_{}=0.7416198487095662…e+43_{} .

Since _{}|_{} =0.55_{}e+86 , so speed of time would be

(_{}|_{} )( _{} ) =(0.55_{}e+86) _{}= 1.64_{}e+94 (_{}) .

We express this speed by _{}. Also we can count:

_{}= 0.2224859546128698…e+52(_{}/_{}) .

_{} means that this
speed of time can safeguard itself to reach anywhere within the universe in an
universal moment , even at last moment_{} at the ultimate distance of the universe : 0.2224859546128698...e+52_{} .

We see time have a property of instantaneity and simultaneity.

From _{} =_{}_{} , we see , this
speed of time is essentially relative to_{} or relative to information , since

_{}==**〔 _{}+_{}**

According to principle of relativity of motion , _{} would traverse
with such speed over** _{}** . This also means that information travel at this speed
relative to modulus of the universe (the materialized part of G bubble).

With this speed ,_{} insure itself can emerges events and concentrated events
into a mass anywhere in the universe within an universal moment_{} even at somewhere with ultimate distance of 0.2224859546128698e+52_{}

This also may be reason why our thinking has capacity to reach instantaneously as far as we can think.

So , we can absolutely convince that both time and information are of hyperspatial.

**7 Past World **

**7.1 General Description of Past World**

It is well know that past things(events) disappeared
exactly at the moment at which it was happening(actually it lasted exactly
period of _{}. From the process of G bubble burst and information equation
of the universe, we know these events were transformed into masses and hid
among them.

From process of G bubble burst , we know;

_{}=1= _{}=_{}_{}
(7-1)

_{}=(_{})|_{}|**〔 _{}+_{}**

**kg**_{}**=( _{})**

_{}= i=_{} =(** _{}) ( _{} **|

=(_{})_{}|_{}|**〔 _{}+_{}**

We can unfold these equations further as below:

**7.1.1**

**7.1.2**** ** By equation(7-4) , all G bubbles bursted
had transformed into masses :

_{}=i= _{}=_{}|_{}|_{}

**7.1.3**_{}(_{}) contain all
events happened during same period:

_{}|_{}|**〔 _{}+_{}**

**7.1.4**** ** From definition and STC
of events . we know:

_{}|_{} ≤|_{}|_{}=1._{}e-86

its equivalent mass ≤(1._{}e-86)( _{}) =_{}e-93_{}

its equivalent dimension≤(1._{}e-86) (_{})=0.7355e-120_{}

Compared with corresponding quantities of substantiated world , we can approximately view that information do not materialize or substantiate , but they are reality , a real entity in terms of STC and STV and actually the opposite side of masses to which it belong , that is ,a mass and all information it contains coexist at state of vacuum bearing totally different STC.

**7.1.5**** ** By equation(7-5) , being
state of pure vacuum , all events happened in the past still exist and could
display in full view :

(_{})_{}|_{}|**〔 _{}+_{}**

**7.1.6**

_{} or , (1 - _{}/MU)_{}

and some are images never happened in the past but ones combined by some segments of those information. e.g

an image =_{}+_{}
.

This may be the reason why we can image or dream of what never happened to our knowledge . materialized world.

**7.1.7**_{}=_{}has different information unit _{}and numbers of events(_{}) , that is , different contents of information:

_{}=(_{})|_{}|**〔 _{}+_{}**

** **According to definition of event , we know
that all these events happened at the moment was condensed into this mass .

**7.1.8**** **By equation (7-3) , two
objects each weighted

_{}=(_{})**〔 _{}+_{}**

**7.1.9**** **By equation(7-4) ,
background radiations of the universe stems from all events happened in the
past( a proof that past events still exist along with evolution of the
universe). Temperature of this
radiations justifies to be called as heat of past:

_{} = (_{})_{}(_{})

Due to its characteristic of representing past events , so this realm of space-time is also reasonable to be called past world.

** ** From these discussions , we now explore
past world more strictly in sense of physics .

**7.2 Definition of Past World **

**7.2.1**** Definition**

Defining STC of ** _{}**as past space
time realm or past world , expressed by PSTR(

**7.2.2**** Expression **:

PSTR(_{}). = ** _{} ** (7-6)

here _{} represents
modulus of information of the universe.

**7.3 Primary Properties of PSTR( _{}).**

**By **default theorem , we can calculate some main physical properties of**
**PSTR(_{}) as below:

**7.3.1**** Its STV**

PSTR(_{})**| _{} =(_{})_{} =(_{})_{}=**(

When _{}=** n** , we get:

PSTR(n)|_{} =(7.7577806787995700…e+60) (1.8181818181818181..e-86)

=1.4105055779635581…e-25 .

**7.3.2**** Space Dimension**

PSTR(_{})**| _{} (_{})=**PSTR(

When _{}=** n** , we get:

PSTR(n)**| _{} |_{}|_{}=**(1.4105055779635581…e-25)(0.4045199174779452…e-34)

=5.7057759999999992…e-60
_{}** .**

**7.3.3**** Equivalent Mass**

PSTR(_{})**| _{}(_{})=**PSTR(

When _{}= **n** , we get:

PSTR(n)**| _{}|_{}|_{}=**(1.4105055779635581…e-25)(0.5454545454545454…e-7)

**=0.7693666788892134…e-32 _{}.**

**7.3.4**** Lifetime Observed**

PSTR(_{})**| _{}(_{})=**PSTR(

When _{}= **n** , we get:

PSTR(n)**| _{}|_{}|_{}=**(1.4105055779635581…e-25)(1.3483997249264841…e-43)

=1.9019253333333332…e-68
_{}.

**7.3.5**** Information Characteristic of PSTR( _{})**

PSTR(_{}).is consists of _{} numbers of information units , and sum of
information generated in the past by the universe , since all information
forming all corresponding events were preserved and displayed within PSTR(_{}) . So PSTR(_{}) is of non-substantiated. This also mean that all “events”
displayed in PSTR(_{}) are also of non-substantiated.

**7.3.6**** Information quantity of PSTR( _{}) **is equal to

When _{}= **n** , we get:

**(n) _{}=7.7577806787995700…e+60 _{} **(7-7)

**7.4 External Property of PSTR( _{})**

PSTR(_{})** i**nteracts with modulus of the universe shaping its external
space time structure:

** _{}|_{}|_{}
** (7-8)

and exposing itself in
such ways as :

**7.4.1**** Full Universal Event**

Bringing an outcome
that an event --- full universal event is emerging at ** _{}**th moment of the universe.

When _{}= **n** , that is the whole and substantiated
universe in which we live .

_{}=_{}_{}**〔**_{}+_{}**〕**

**7.4.2**** Background Radiation of
the Universe**

** B**y default theorem , we can
calculate temperature of background radiation of the universe.

**( _{})|_{}|_{})_{}**(

_{}_{}(0.5454545454545454…e-7)(1.8181818181818181..e-86)(0.3556171686496974…e+33)_{}

=(_{})(_{})(0.3526781837848238…e-60) _{} .

When _{}= **n** , temperature of radiation emitting from
PSTR(n) is :

**( _{})(7.7577806787995700…e+60)**
(0.3526781837848238…e-60)

**=(**_{})(2.7360000000003000…)** **_{} .

** ** We can also calculate other physical
properties by default theorem and G gauge of other physical quantity , but not
discuss here.

**7.5
General Expression of Physical Quantity Within PSTR( _{})**

When physical quantity
enter into ** **PSTR(_{})** **inside , it would transform into different STC
utterly inverse compared to the ones outside PSTR(_{}) . An observer inside PSTR(_{}) would use thes transformed standards of physical quantity
and units to observe thre universe in which he is situated.

Suppose there is a physical
quantity outside
PSTR(_{}) .

_{} .

Here _{}is modulus of _{} .

_{} = _{} is dimension expression
of _{} .

Then inside PSTR(_{}) , STC of this physical quantity would turn into :

_{} (7-9)

Here _{} = _{}

_{} = _{} =_{}

or , _{}_{} (7-10)

We see that STC of a physical quantity or unit inside
and outside PSTR(_{}) are mutually reciprocal to each other.

Example:

within PSTR(i) ,
STC of energy and mass become :

_{} and _{} .

All physical quantity and unit
would transform itself in terms of STC , but with only one exceptable , that is
STC of information and information unit remain unchanged in different space
time realm , in another word , STC of information and information unit have an
exclusive characteristic of invariance while traveling through all kinds of
space time realm.

**7.6 Physical Properties of the
Universe Within PSTR( _{})**

From discussions the
above , we , as an observer within PSTR(_{}) , can calculate
physical properties of the universe in following ways .

When _{}=** n** , we get:

**7.6.1**** Total Mass**

_{} =_{}

**= _{}**

**7.6.2**** Radius**

_{} =_{}

**= _{}**

**7.6.3 A****ge**

_{}

**= _{}**

**7.6.4 A****verage Density of Mass**

**= _{}**

**7.6.5**** Expansion Speed of
Bordery of the Universe**

_{}

**= _{}**

**7.6.6**** Temperature of
Background Radiation**

_{}

From these calculating
results , we see that an observer ,
no matter where he is both inside and outside PSTR(_{}) ，would get
identical conclusion about the universe.

**7.7
Detection to PSTR( _{})**

From external physical
properties of PSTR(_{}) , we know that background radiation of the universe in fact
is a proof that PSTR(_{}) (past world) is existing . If someone does not stand strong
enough to support this view of point and absolutely convince others who has some
suspicious about it , then we can design several other method in order to
further verify this judgement .

**7.7.1**** Electric Current
Detection **

Changing equation (7-8)
into electric current form (_{}) :

** _{}|_{}|_{}(_{})=_{}(|_{}|_{})_{} |_{}| _{} ** (7-11)

**=**_{}(0.7693666788892134…e-32)(3.3048506429042334…e+30) _{}

=(_{})25.426419633561117…** _{} .**

This mean that under
circumstance of 2.736 _{} , in vacuum we
can detect an electric current of 25.4364 milliampere coming from past world.

**7.7.2**** Energy Detection**

Changing equation (7-8)
into energy form (_{}) :

** _{}|_{}|_{}(_{})=_{}(|_{}|_{})_{}) |_{}| _{} ** (7-12)

=_{}(0.7693666788892134…e-32)(0.490909090909090…e+10) _{}

=(_{})3.7768909690925021…e-23 _{}.

This mean that under circumstance of
2.736 _{} , in vacuum we
can detect an energy flow of 3.7769e-23 Joule coming from past world.

From the above analysis , we get a conclusion :there are two kinds of world in the universe . One is the materialized world in which we live , see , perceive and is of substantiated , meanwhile past world , where all things happened in the past still existing literally and vividly , coexist indivisibly along with the materialized world as vacuum being available .

Since past world is also composed of STC matching the materialized world , there should certainly be a way through which these two world can communicate with each other (in fact , it did , does and will do so).

**8
Informatiated World**

We now briefly review the above highlights:

_{} took a piece of
vacuum of |_{}|_{}and formed the first CST_{}(_{}) . Along with _{} burst ,.time unit
, first quantity of time 1.3483997249264841…e-43_{} , first mass of _{}=0._{}e-7_{} and other stuffs of the first were created , an event
happened at the universal moment in the universe was concentrated into this
mass_{}, while ** _{}** reduced
itself by 1/MU . Followed the next G bubble burst one by one… . As a result ,
modulus of information (

At present ,total numbers of CST bursted were equal to

**n =** **7.7577806787995700…e+60**

with total of masses of

4.2315167338906745…e+53 _{} disgorged

and 3.3170311178758667e+10 years lasted

and 3.1381767999999997…e+26_{} extended

and **7.7577806787995700…e+60 **units of information
created

and a temperature of 2.736_{} heated

…….

The
universe will not stall this process until last piece of** _{}** will have been consumed . When

**8.1**, lifetime:(MU)_{}=0.2351661113361130…e+36years.

**8.2** , ultimate masses : (MU) _{} = 2._{}e+78_{}

**8.3**, ultimate dimension: (MU) _{}=0.2224859546128698…e+52 _{}

**8.4** , ultimate temperature: (MU)|MG| _{}_{})|_{}=0.1939730010816509…e+26 _{}.

**8.5 **, ultimate average density of mass_{}=1.9672077805101312… e+95/ (MU)_{} (_{})

=0.6503166216562417…e-76(_{}).

At this universal moment (** _{}**) , last segment of

vanish instantaneously) .The materialized world will
collapse and all events happened will be dissociate from constraint of its
restraint manner (mass) and a new informatiated world (PSTR(MU) will be born
where everything happened in past of 0.2351661113361131e+36years
of the universe with total numbers of 0.55_{}e+86 information units will exist forever but not materialize
or substantiate never .

PSTR(_{}) will finally evolve into an CST which contains nothing but
information and bears some such characteristics of CST as :

PSTR(MU)’s Dimention ：0.4045199174779452.…e-34_{}

PSTR(MU)’s Seeable Lifetime ：1.3483997224926484…e-43_{}

PSTR(MU)’s Internal Temperature ：3.5561716864969346…e+32_{}

_{}will have eventually turned all materialized world into
identical STC of its own and process of evolution of the universe will come to
end , time will stall and the process of G bubble burst will finally cease .

When _{}= MU =0.55_{}e+86 ,** _{}** will find no
vacuum to join in this space-time realm transformed . It will spill over the
universe and roam outside PSTR(MU) .

What did _{} represent as
initial information ?

Where is _{} now and then ?

Where will ** _{}** be then ?

Now you can find the answer by yourself.

The end of this paper.

Original
version written in Oct.7 , 2005,

Second
version written in July 10 , 2006,

**
**Amended in Sep. , 2006 ,

**Reference Index
**

**A , **ref。1 :

Longdao Xu ,
Dictionary of Physics ,

B , ref.2 :

Zhengxing Wang ,
Morden Physics ,

C , ref.3:

Yunqiang Yu , An
Introduction to General Relativity ,

D , ref.4:

Zheng Zhao , Black
Hole and Curved Space-Time ,

E , ref.5:

Bingxing Shi , Quantum
Physics ,