e Principle of the Universe

----an Imagination about Macrostructure of the Universe

 

Zhiqiang Zhang

(张强)

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

In this paper, a hypothesis about macrostructure of the universe, “e Principle of the Universe”, was advanced. From this, two inferences were obtained, which were “initial value of celestial system”, “final value of the universe”,.All these reflect massages about macrostructure of the universe. The paper also discussed some questions touched in form of question and answer.

 

Assumption and Inferences

 

AXIONInfinite Layer Principle of the Universe

 

The universe is consists of infinite number layers of celestial systems.

Anyone of these celestial system is a subsystem of a certain layer of celestial system which contain the celestial system.

 

ASSUMPTIONe Principle of the Universe

 

Suppose, a celestial body stands in relative rest; the universe is consists of 0th celestial system, 1st celestial system, 2nd celestial system??, nth celestial system(n?∞), total of original field energies fed back from 0thlayer celestial system to the body are equal to 1, thus:

  • total of original field energies fed back to celestial body ofjth celestial system are equal to 1/j!
  • (j=0, 1, 2, ? , n, n?¥);
  • total of original field energies fed back to celestial body of the universe are equal to e, that is :
  •  
  • 1+1/1!+1/2!+?+1/n!== e(1-1)
  • where e = 2.718?;
  •  
  • original field energies of jth celestial system would attenuate as it pass through every celestial systems in which celestial body stands. If we call total of original field energies of, fed back to celestial body , and not being attenuated, as initial value of , expressed by , and the one attenuated as final value of , expressed by, then we have:

Initial value of would become:

  •  
  • { (1 / j) ′ [1 / (j - 1) ] }

 

as it has passed through (j-1)th celestial system;

As it has passed through (j-2)th celestial system, would become:

 

{ (1 / j) ′ [1 / (j-1) ] ′ [1 / (j-2) ] };

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.

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As it has passed through 2nd celestial system, would become:

 

( 1 / j )′[1 / (j-1) ] ′…′ ( 1 / 2 ) };

As it passed through 1st celestial system, it does not attenuate, it is:

{ ( 1 / j ) ′ [ 1/ (j - 1 )]′…′( 1 / 2) ′ (1 / 1) };

As it passed through 0th celestial system, it does not attenuate still, it is:

 

{ ( 1 / j ) ′ [ 1/ (j - 1 )]′…′( 1 / 2) ′ (1 / 1) ′ 1 }={ ( 1 / j! )

final value ofwould be ={ ( 1 / j! )(3-2)

 

Inference IInitial Value Principle of Celestial System

Suppose, there is a celestial body in the universe, final value of 0th celestial system in which the body stands is, then initial value of any layer of celestial system in which the body stands are all equal to , that is:

= (3-3)

j = 1, 2, …, n, n?¥

Demonstration : From the assumption, we know that if = 1, then = 1/j!, we have = ( 1/j!). Comparing this result to equation (3-2), we have =.

Inference IIFinal Value Principle of the Universe

If final value of is equal to , then final value of the universe would be equal to , that is:

= (3-4)

Demonstration: Final Value of the Universe is = , substituting equation (3-2)to , we have = , then substituting equation (3-3) to , we have ===.

 

 

Question and Answer

Que: It is anticipant that you solve three errors of cosmology with method of convergence of math , of course this is also an inevitable result of the feeding back theory which advance logically(remanding of system constant ). Besides in order to solve three errors of cosmology, you work out “e principle”, is there any other reason for you to think so?

Ans: In fact, the reason made me first to think so is not to solve the three errors of cosmology, while is based on such thinking: math is quatitative reflections of reality, human being need math to describe natural processes , and all these descriptions have been proved to be correct in innumberable facts, and these descriptions always keep company with “e ”, that is, they change based on “e ”, such as, decaying process of radioactive element, ……. Why do these natural processes change based on “e ” instead of other constant or natural number? If there is an inevitable low governed behind these innumberable phenomena? We affirm (say with certainty) that changes of micro-phenomenon occur under background of macro-structure of the universe. We may also say that micro-processes change based on “e ”, because of “e ” macro-structure of the universe.

Que: From e principle, we know that feeding back original field keep attenuated while it pass through, then why does it attenuate, but appreciate?

Ans: With help of Fig. 3-1 of the paper, we may see the reason of attenuating. On the way through which original field radiated from a celestial body of to celestial body , it would be kept intercepting. Comparing with condition of non-intercepting, original field must be attenuated.

 

From the paper, “Absolute Motion Assumption and Feeding BackPrinciple of Celestial Body” and ‘Anti-free Falling Motion and Principle of Implicit Work”, we can see that electromagnetic radiation is a result of sum of visible form energies of original field fed back from all bodies of the universe. Visible form energy consists of two parts, one part (expressed by visible from energy I) reflects contributions to visible form energy due to relative motion between celestial bodies, the other part does due to changes of celestial body mass ormass. Obviously, observing electromagnetic radiation of acelestial body of jth celestial system on the celestial body ,these two parts would be considered at the same time. See Fig.(3-2).

 

Because of attenuating effect of celestial systems, visible form energies fed back from (j≥2) would lose than from or . This inspires us to consider the red shift of spectrum of galaxies (j≥2) as display of this attenuating effect.

 

Que: According to e principle, after passing through the galaxy () original field does not attenuate, so it does after crossing the solar system (). There is a logical contradiction here! Why do celestial bodies of the galaxy or the solar system not intercept feeding back original field?

Ans: Every celestial systems through which original field passes would intercept the feeding back original field, they all have attenuating effect, including the galaxy and the solar system. You only notice the following point, you may be clear: instead of the universe possessing e structure first, it then produce attenuating effect , while it possesses attenuating effect first, then forms e structure! It is just deducting the parts attenuated, then every celestial systems could only have its attenuating constant (system constant )

Qes:According to the mass law of an object and e principle of the universe , we can inference that mass of an object in the universe is consists of sum of original fields energies fed back from all other objects of celestial systems of the universe , also a result of historical accumulation of the universe , that is , integral of time change rate for feeding back energies

of every celestial bodies with respect to time (period of its real movement). This also means that mass of an object in the universe not only depands on mass , relative motion , and relative position of all other

objects in the universe , but also historical accumuiation process of the universe. In other words , an object is impossible to be exisitence alone without presence of other objects in the universe , also to keep its mass and motion after dissevering historical evolution of the universe. Is that so ?

Ans: Yes , it is . First , we can divide mass of an object into (n+1) shares . Let

Mass of an object in the solar system is and , so we have;

(3—5)

0th share: is contribution to massby original fields energies fed back from all other objects in the solar system except.

1th share: is contribution to massby original fields energies fed back from all other objects in the galaxy except the solar system.

 

2th share:is contribution to massby original fields energies fed back from all other objects in the second celestial system except the galaxy

nth share :is contribution to massby original fields energies fed back from all other objects in the nth celestial system except the(n-1)thcelestial system.

We can decompose mass of the earth according to the above , and make use of observations we have got or will get to calculate if values of sum of feeding back energies

fed back from all other objects in the solar system tend to .Also same analysis may put upon the galaxy.

Secondly , we look at influences to due to historical accumulation of the universe.

Every celestial body has periodic motions in its celestial systems , its period of real motion

Is a parameter to historical accumulation process of each celestial system ,incarnating on

. Its value reflects historical components contributing to mass , came from the

system (integrated evolutional history with respect to time ) , you can see it in equation (1—8) at the first paper.

 

Antiently ,with view of physics , any changes in mass or motion of an object in the universe would bring changes in relative motion or relative position to all other objects in the universe. Now , we should say that would do in mass also . This also mean that general

energies of the universe whould readjust in its flowing direction and distributing .

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